“As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be at the coming of the Son of Man (Matt 24:37 NIV).”
According to the Scriptures, there were two (2) related sources for the rains and waters of Noah’s flood. There were “fountains” of water coming up out of the Earth and there was water coming down from the “windows” of heaven.
- “And God said unto Noah … I will destroy them with the earth (Gen 6:13 KJV).”
- “…on that day all the springs of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates of the heavens were opened (Gen 7:11).”
- “The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained (Gen 8:2 KJV)”
2 Peter 3:6-7 points out the difference between the judgement of Noah’s day, and the judgement at the second coming of Jesus – the first by water, the second by fire.
“Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished: But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.”
Not only has the earth been preparing for that fiery day, but mankind has been preparing his own soul for the ‘redemption of our body’ on that day.
“that the creation itself also will be set free from its slavery to corruption into the freedom of the glory of the children of God. For we know that the whole creation groans and suffers the pains of childbirth together until now. And not only this, but also we ourselves, having the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting eagerly for our adoption as sons, the redemption of our body (Romans 8:22 NAS)”
Last summer, the discovery of several new giant craters in Siberia drew worldwide interest, launching wild speculation that meteorites, or even aliens, caused the gaping crevasses. And now, scientists have found even more of them.
In July 2014, reindeer herders discovered a 260-feet-wide (80 meters) crater in northern Russia’s Yamal Peninsula.
Later that month, two more craters were discovered in the Tazovsky district and Taymyr Peninsula (also spelled Taimyr), respectively.
Now, satellite images have revealed at least four more craters, and at least one is surrounded by as many as 20 mini craters, The Siberian Times reported.
The first of the new craters discovered, named B1 (pictured above), shows signs of an huge eruption of gas.
“We know now of seven craters in the Arctic area,” Vasily Bogoyavlensky, a scientist at the Moscow-based Oil and Gas Research Institute, told The Siberian Times.
“Five are directly on the Yamal Peninsula, one in Yamal autonomous district, and one is on the north of the Krasnoyarsk region, near the Taimyr Peninsula.”
This crater (named B3) was spotted near to Antipayuta in the Yamal Peninsula after locals saw a flash of light nearby.
Although the origin of these craters remains somewhat mysterious, many scientists think they were created by explosions of high-pressure gas released from melting permafrost, or frozen soil, due to the warming of the climate.
“In my opinion, it definitely relates to warming and permafrost,” said Vladimir Romanovsky,a geophysicist who studies permafrost at theUniversity of Alaska Fairbanks.
Romanovsky thinks he knows how this occurs: Pressurized gas — mostly methane, but possibly carbon dioxide as well — exists beneath the permafrost. Since warming temperatures thaw the permafrost from the bottom up, an underground cavity forms, Romanovsky said. As the gas gets close to the surface, it deforms the ground above, creating a small hill. Finally, the pressurized gas erupts through the surface, forming a crater, he said.
Crater B4, located near Nosok village, north of the Krasnoyarsk region, near Taymyr Peninsula. (Image credit: local residents/The Siberian Times)
Two of the newly-discovered large craters, which scientists refer to as “funnels”, have turned into lakes, said Professor Bogoyavlensky. He added:
It is important not to scare people, but this is a very serious problem.
We must research this phenomenon urgently to prevent possible disasters. We cannot rule out new gas emissions in the Arctic and in some cases they can ignite.
Methane gas can be seen bubbling up out of this lake in the Yamal region and is thought to be an old crater.
Scientists are especially interested in a crater they have called B2, which is located just six miles to the south of the Gazprom gas field at Bovanenkovo.
Old satellite images show no sign of craters at the site, but more recent pictures show a lake there measuring about 5,000 square meters (54,000 square feet).
The lake is believed to have formed in a hole that is 100 meters (328 feet) by 50 meters (164 feet) in diameter and is surrounded by 20 smaller craters, filled with water, which are around one (3.3 feet) to two meters wide (6.6 feet).
Residents living close to another of the new craters, in Antipayuta on the Yamal Peninsula, reported seeing a flash of light there.
The erupting methane may have even caught fire. “Probably the gas ignited,” Bogoyavlensky told The Siberian Times.
Investigating the craters will be dangerous, because scientists don’t know when the gas emissions will occur, he added.
We need to answer now the basic questions: what areas, and under what conditions, are the most dangerous?
These questions are important for the safe operation of the northern cities and infrastructure of oil and gas complexes.
Satellite images showing a mound of Earth (an accumulation of ice beneath the surface known as a pingo) before the gas emission that formed crater B2 (top). The more recent image shows a lake has formed in crater B2, surrounded by smaller holes.
In November 2014, scientists went on an expedition to study the Yamal crater, snapping some stunning photos. Vladimir Pushkarev, director of the Russian Centre of Arctic Exploration, actually climbed down into the crater on a rope to observe it from the inside.
“You can see from the photographs a very different structure,” where most of the hole is caved in, but only the upper 16 to 23 feet (5 to 7 m) looks like a crater, Romanovsky told Live Science. “Only the upper several meters [of ground] was thrown away, but most of the hole was actually there before the eruption.”
More Undiscovered Holes
An examination of satellite images of the area, from the past and present, has led Russian experts to suspect that the phenomenon is more widespread than first thought.
Experts have predicted that there may be up to 30 more holes, waiting to be discovered. However, scientists are still baffled by the precise processes causing the craters.
This map shows the location of the new craters (labelled B1-4) along with the previously discovered holes marked with black dots.